After turbulent centuries of expulsions and pogroms, the Patent of Tolerance (1782) by Emperor Joseph II marked the starting point of a development that brought about the equality of Jews. In modern times, too, the founder of Zionism, Theodore Herzl developed h is ideas in and initiated his campaigns, from Vienna. Besides him, the activity of many outstanding Jewish personalities (e.g. composer Karl Goldmark, writer Arthur Schnitzler, psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, etc.) bears witness of the Viennese Jews to Austrian intellectual and scientific development. Discover the abundant wealth of Jewish history of a bustling, elegant metropolis in the heart of Europe.